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JSC "Teleradiocom" » projects » 2. The State Program of Development of digital broadcasting.

2. The State Program of Development of digital broadcasting.

14-04-2014, 16:02 | Category: projects | Views: 1002
The State Program of Development of digital broadcasting

This State program for digital television broadcasting in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2010-2015 (hereinafter Program me) have been prepared to implement the Concept of State Policy of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of television and radio broadcasting in the 2010-2025 years, approved by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on October 1, 2009.
Today, some companies offer their subscribers viewing TV programs in digital format, but their services can use only a small proportion of the population, mostly of the city of Dushanbe and Khujand. It is assumed that from 2015 all the regional centers will be able to receive digital television - choose the channels and programs to their liking. It is expected that the widespread transition to digital television signal will pulse to provide mass broadband Internet. Compared to analog, the main advantages of digital broadcasting are obvious - it is possible to provide a higher quality picture and sound, as well as significantly increasing the number of channels that can be broadcast on the air on a cable network or satellite. The transition to digital TV system offers significant savings on electricity and increases the efficiency of the manufacturing equipment up to 80 percent or more. Additional benefits of digital broadcasting should include inherent capacity to deliver useful services, such as broadcast television programs, subtitles, multi-channel audio, multiple audio tracks in different languages, etc.
TV, which we use today are not able to accept a digital signal. But this does not mean that the TV must be replaced in time to 2015. Mediate between the TV and the medium of propagation will decoder, a so-called set-top-box (set top box") - is, in fact, "box", which is usually put on the TV). The device accepts a digital signal, converts it to analog and sends the input of the television set, the audience is select a channel.

I. Purpose and program tasks


The state program of development of digital television provides further the population with a multichannel broadcasting with the guaranteed granting obligatory public television channels of the set quality that will allow providing constitutional laws of citizens on obtaining information.
Definition of the direction of development of a digital broadcasting, including a funding mechanism, distributions of obligatory public television channels, will allow to create necessary infrastructure for digital telecasting.
In the Program of social and economic development of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period till 2015, the Republic of Tajikistan approved by the Government of March 1, 2004 No. 86, the problem of modernization of a network of telecasting which includes transition to digital technology and broadcasting expansion to the countries of the near and far abroad is defined.

II. Present situation of branch and main directions of development


On existing system Committee on television and broadcasting at the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan providing information space with state programs of TV and radio broadcasting is carried out by technical means with use of development of technology of the middle and the end of XX centuries.
The main task of Committee on television and broadcasting at the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan is:
- creation of conditions for providing citizens of Tajikistan with socially significant and reliable information;
- creation of conditions for development of new types of television programs, including translation mobile and the Internet television, TV channels of a high definition and satellite translation;
- ensuring functioning of infrastructure of an analog on-air broadcasting before full transition to digital technologies.

III. Ways of implementation of this program


- creation of favorable climate of the state financial support when forming expected plans.
- creation of conditions for capital investments and other types of financing and crediting.

IV. Stages of introduction of the Program


Introduction of a digital land television broadcasting assumes a transition period from an analog broadcasting to digital (approximately in 5 years) during which these systems will work in common.
Full transition in large administrative centers of the republic on a digital land television broadcasting, on condition of the organization of the beginning of introduction since 2010, it is supposed to finish by the end of 2015.
According to the Concept of a state policy of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of television and broadcasting for 2010 - 2025, the Republic of Tajikistan approved by the government resolution
of 01.10. 2009 No. 529, Committee on television and broadcasting at the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan developed the program of introduction and stage-by-stage transfer of an existing analog network of Republican TV and radio broadcasting to a new format of the European standard of digital land telecasting of DVB-T2. Such choice was offered by the working group after carrying out the analysis being in operation and the systems which have passed the international standardization of digital television, results of tests and domestic experience of a digital land and satellite television broadcasting.

 

JSC "Teleradiocom" » projects » 2. The State Program of Development of digital broadcasting.